Question: Who Was The Second Last Viceroy Of India?

Who is India’s first governor general?

Warren HastingsWarren Hastings, (born December 6, 1732, Churchill, near Daylesford, Oxfordshire, England—died August 22, 1818, Daylesford), the first and most famous of the British governors-general of India, who dominated Indian affairs from 1772 to 1785 and was impeached (though acquitted) on his return to England..

Why was Lord Mayo killed?

Assassination. While visiting the convict settlement at Port Blair in the Andaman Islands in 1872 for the purpose of inspection, he was assassinated by Sher Ali Afridi, an Afridi Pathan convict who used a knife.

Who was Lord Mountbatten in Indian history?

Mountbatten remained as interim governor-general of India until June 1948. For his services during the war and in India he was created viscount in 1946 and Earl Mountbatten of Burma the following year. In 1953, Mountbatten returned to the Royal Navy, becoming commander of a new NATO Mediterranean command.

Who was the governor general during the revolt of 1857?

Charles John CanningCharles John Canning, Earl Canning, also called (1837–59) Viscount Canning of Kilbrahan, (born December 14, 1812, London, England—died June 17, 1862, London), statesman and governor-general of India during the Indian Mutiny of 1857.

Where was Lord Mayo killed?

Port Blair, IndiaRichard Bourke, 6th Earl of Mayo/Place of death

What rank is a viceroy?

Viceroy is a form of royal appointment rather than noble rank. An individual viceroy often also held a noble title, however, such as Bernardo de Gálvez, 1st Viscount of Galveston who was also Viceroy of New Spain.

Who is the first woman governor of India?

Sarojini Naidu was the first female to become the governor of an Indian state. She governed Uttar Pradesh from 15 August 1947 to 2 March 1949. Her daughter, Padmaja Naidu, is the longest-serving female governor with 11-year tenure in West Bengal.

When did English came to India?

The British landed in India in Surat on August 24, 1608. While India has a rich and recorded history going back 4000 years to the Indus Valley Civilisation in Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro, Britain had no indigenous written language until the 9th century almost 3000 years after India.

What is difference between Viceroy and Governor General?

What is the difference between a governor general and a viceroy? Governor General was a post for Administration whereas Viceroy was for Diplomacy. After 1858, British Crown assumed sovereignty of India from the East India Company (EIC) via Government of India Act 1858.

Who removed Doctrine of Lapse?

Following the rebellion, in 1858, the new British Viceroy of India, whose rule replaced that of the British East India Company, renounced the doctrine. The princely state of Kittur ruled by Queen Chennamma was taken over by the East India Company in 1824 by imposing a ‘doctrine of lapse’.

How many viceroys were there in India?

Viceroys in India from 1858 to 1947ViceroyTenureLord Willingdon1931 – 1936Lord Linlithgow1936 – 1944Lord Wavell1944 – 1947Lord Mountbatten1947-4816 more rows

Who was the only viceroy of India murdered in office?

Richard BourkeRichard Bourke, the Earl of Mayo. He was made viceroy of India and was assassinated there in 1872. One evening in the radio room of the Aronda, I heard a weak, hoarse call in Morse code on the international calling frequency.

Who was the last Viceroy of India during British rule?

Louis Mountbatten, Earl Mountbatten of Burma became governor-general and oversaw the transition of British India to independence. Chakravarti Rajagopalachari (1878-1972) became the only Indian and last governor-general after independence.

Which viceroy was killed in India?

Lord MayoSher Ali was given life imprisonment at the penal settlement in Andaman Islands, when he stabbed and killed Lord Mayo, during the British Viceroy’s official visit to Port Blair on 8th February 1872.

How many presidencies are there in British India?

By the mid-18th century three Presidency towns: Madras, Bombay and Calcutta, had grown in size. During the period of Company rule in India, 1757–1858, the Company gradually acquired sovereignty over large parts of India, now called “Presidencies”.

Who was viceroy before Mountbatten?

List of Viceroy of India:ViceroyPeriodLord Willingdon1931-1936Lord Linlithgow1936-1944Lord Wavell1944-1947Lord MountbattenMarch 1947- August 194713 more rows•Sep 11, 2019

Which viceroy of India has no left arm?

Robert Bulwer-Lytton, 1st Earl of LyttonHis Excellency The Right Honourable The Earl of Lytton GCB GCIE PCBorn8 November 1831Died24 November 1891 (aged 60)NationalityBritishPolitical partyConservative19 more rows

Why do you think is Hastings called the founder of British India?

The English statesman Warren Hastings (1732-1818) was the first governor general of British India. He established the system of civil administration that was the basis of Anglo-Indian security and prosperity. … He became a clerk in the East India Company and reached Calcutta in October 1750.

Who is the longest serving governor general of India?

Lord DalhousieThe British Governor General and Viceroy who served for the longest period in India was Lord Dalhousie.

What does Viceroy mean?

1 : the governor of a country or province who rules as the representative of a king or sovereign. 2 or viceroy butterfly : a showy North American nymphalid butterfly (Limenitis archippus) closely mimicking the monarch in coloration but smaller.

Who is called Governor?

A governor is, in most cases, a public official with the power to govern the executive branch of a non-sovereign or sub-national level of government, ranking under the head of state. In federations, governor may be the title of a politician who governs a constituent state and may be either appointed or elected.

Who is the second Viceroy of India?

Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma, remained governor-general of India for some time after independence, but the two nations were otherwise headed by native governors-general. India became a secular republic in 1950; Pakistan became an Islamic one in 1956.

Who was the Viceroy of India during First World War?

Lord HardingeIndia: Moderate and militant nationalism …and Morley appointed the liberal Lord Hardinge to succeed him as viceroy (governed 1910–16).

Which Viceroy has longest tenure in India?

Lord LinlithgowGovernor General and Viceroy of India (1936-1944) Lord Linlithgow was Viceroy of India from 1936 to 1944 and this eight years period was longest reign as Viceroy of India.

Who was the best Viceroy of India?

Top 15 British Viceroys of IndiaViceroy # 1. Lord Canning as First Viceroy, (1858-62):Viceroy # 2. Lord Elgin (1862-63):Viceroy # 3. Sir John Lawrence, (1864-69):Viceroy # 4. Lord Mayo, (1869-72):Viceroy # 5. Lord Northbrook, (1872-76):Viceroy # 6. Lord Lytton, (1876-80):Viceroy # 7. Lord Ripon (1880-84):Viceroy # 8. Lord Dufferin, (1884-88):More items…

Who was last viceroy?

MountbattenMountbatten: The Last Viceroy.

Who is the first Bengal governor?

Robert Clive (1765-1767) was the first governor of Bengal, and established dual government in Bengal from 1765 to 1772.

When was Viceroy Mayo’s resolution passed?

1870Mayo’s resolution of 1870 started the process of decentralization of finances. Evolved a proper system of budgeting as a result of which persistent deficits were converted into surpluses.

Where did the Viceroy of India live?

Painstaking efforts of thousands of labourers including masons, carpenters, artists, carvers, and cutters saw the completion of this masterwork in the year 1929. Originally built as the residence for the Viceroy of India, Viceroy’s House as it was then called, has metamorphosed into today’s Rashtrapati Bhavan.