Quick Answer: How Did The 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami Affect The Environment?

What caused 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami?

The December 26, 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami was caused by an earthquake that is thought to have had the energy of 23,000 Hiroshima-type atomic bombs.

Within hours of the earthquake, killer waves radiating from the epicenter slammed into the coastlines of 11 countries, damaging countries from east Africa to Thailand..

How many died in 2004 tsunami?

230,000 peopleNearly 230,000 people died in the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami, making it one of the deadliest disasters in modern history.

Why was the tsunami of 2004 so deadly?

According to USGS scientists, the sea floor near the earthquake was uplifted several meters. The displacement of water above the sea floor triggered the tsunami, which caused catastrophic levels of destruction in countries around the Indian Ocean basin, reaching as far as the east coast of Africa.

What are the 4 stages of a tsunami?

A tsunami has four general stages: initiation, split, amplification, and run-up. During initiation, a large set of ocean waves are caused by any large and sudden disturbance of the sea surface, most commonly earthquakes but sometimes also underwater landslides.

What were the economic impacts of the 2004 tsunami?

In terms of the death toll and the number of displaced people, this was the worst natural disaster in recorded history in Indonesia, Sri Lanka and Thailand. The total economic cost of damage was estimated at US$ 9.4 billion. In Aceh the cost of damage (US$4.5billion), was almost equal to its GDP in the previous year.

Did they know the 2004 tsunami was coming?

26, 2004, no one saw the massive waves coming. Authorities in Indonesia, where a 9.1 magnitude quake sparked the tsunami, weren’t able to send out an alert because the country’s sensor system had been hit by lightning. Thai officials did send a warning, but only after the first deadly wave hit.

How did Thailand recover from the 2004 tsunami?

Since 2004 it has provided 4,807,000 people with assistance; 51,395 new houses have been built; 289 hospitals and clinics built or rehabilitated. Pledged international aid from all sources for the recovery has topped $13.5bn, almost half of it given by private individuals and organisations.

Did Maria Belon lose her leg in the tsunami?

She lost part of a leg in the tragedy, but miraculously (spoiler alert), she managed to reunite with the rest of her family by sheer luck. More than 283,000 died. Belon, once a family doctor turned stay-at-home mom, emerged from the ordeal a different person. … Belon: Yes.

What was the worst tsunami ever?

Lituya BayA tsunami with a record run-up height of 1720 feet occurred in Lituya Bay, Alaska. On the night of July 9, 1958, an earthquake along the Fairweather Fault in the Alaska Panhandle loosened about 40 million cubic yards (30.6 million cubic meters) of rock high above the northeastern shore of Lituya Bay.

What are the economic impacts of tsunamis?

Loss of income in the local economy and future losses from the destruction of infrastructure will be a problem for some time to come. The total financial cost of the tsunami could be millions or even billions of dollars of damage to coastal structures and habitats.

Where was the largest tsunami in history recorded?

Lituya BayIn fact, the largest tsunami wave ever recorded broke on a cool July night in 1958 and only claimed five lives. A 1,720 foot tsunami towered over Lituya Bay, a quiet fjord in Alaska, after an earthquake rumbled 13 miles away.

How did the 2004 tsunami affect the environment?

Environmental impacts of the tsunami Farm land ruined by salt water. 8 million litres of oil escaped from oil plants in Indonesia. Mangrove forests along the coast were destroyed. Coral reefs and coastal wetlands damaged.

How long did it take to recover from the 2004 tsunami?

The results of these efforts are remarkable. Within five years, individuals were back in homes they owned, often on their original land, in communities with new schools and in many cases improved infrastructure.

When was the last tsunami in the world?

January 22, 2017Tsunami of January 22, 2017 (Bougainville, P.N.G.) Tsunami of December 17, 2016 (New Britain, P.N.G.)

What are the long term effects of a tsunami?

Tsunami flooding then continues to cause damage for several more weeks. The effects of the tsunami on the country during this period range from destruction and damage, death, injury, millions of dollars in financial loss, and long lasting psychological problems for the inhabitants of the region.