What Are The Limitation Of First Four Generation Of Computer?

What are the four generation of computer?

1940 – 1956: First Generation – Vacuum Tubes.

These early computers used vacuum tubes as circuitry and magnetic drums for memory.

1956 – 1963: Second Generation – Transistors.

1964 – 1971: Third Generation – Integrated Circuits.

1972 – 2010: Fourth Generation – Microprocessors..

What are the two important limitations of a computer?

Answer. A computer’s main limitation is its programming which is limited by the capabilities the hardware possesses. Physical limitations of a computer are the amount of RAM and storage it can access, the type and speed of the CPU and other low level system devices. No computer possesses intelligence.

What are the five generations?

How to Handle 5 Generations in the WorkplaceTraditionalists—born before 1946.Baby Boomers—born between 1946 and 1964.Generation X—born between 1965 and 1976.Generation Y, or Millennials—born between 1977 and 1997.Generation Z—born after 1997.

What is second generation of computer?

A transistor computer, now often called a second generation computer, is a computer which uses discrete transistors instead of vacuum tubes. … A second generation of computers, through the late 1950s and 1960s featured circuit boards filled with individual transistors and magnetic core memory.

Which generation of computer transistors were used?

The transistor is an influential invention that changed the course of history for computers. The first generation of computers used vacuum tubes; the second generation of computers used transistors; the third generation of computers used integrated circuits; and the fourth generation of computers used microprocessors.

Which of the following is the most powerful computer?

The world’s most powerful supercomputer today is Summit, built by IBM for the U.S. Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory in Tennessee. It occupies the equivalent of two basketball courts and achieves an impressive 148.6 petaflops thanks to its 2.41 million cores.

What is Computer explain its characteristics and limitations?

The characteristics of computers that have made them so powerful and universally useful are speed, accuracy, diligence, versatility and storage capacity. … Computers work at an incredible speed. A powerful computer is capable of performing about 3-4 million simple instructions per second.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of the first generation of computer?

ADVANTAGESDISADVANTAGESSmaller in size as compared to first generation computers More Reliable Less heat generated as compared to first generation computers Wider commercial use Better PortabilityRequired Air-condition Required frequent maintenance Required manual function component High production and operational costDec 16, 2019

What is the main component of first generation computer?

vacuum tubesFirst Generation Computers The period of first generation was from 1946-1959. The computers of first generation used vacuum tubes as the basic components for memory and circuitry for CPU (Central Processing Unit). These tubes, like electric bulbs, produced a lot of heat and the installations used to fuse frequently.

Which generation of computer is best?

The second generation of computer was manufactured in using a Transistor instead of vacuum tubes. The second generations of computer were more powerful, more reliable, and less expensive smaller true operated then the first-generation computer. The memory of the second generation computer was compared to magnetic core.

What are the characteristics of first generation computer?

Computer – First GenerationVacuum tube technology.Unreliable.Supported machine language only.Very costly.Generated a lot of heat.Slow input and output devices.Huge size.Need of AC.More items…

Who invented the 1st generation of computer?

Charles BabbageFirst computing device Charles Babbage, an English mechanical engineer and polymath, originated the concept of a programmable computer. Considered the “father of the computer”, he conceptualized and invented the first mechanical computer in the early 19th century.

What are the limitations of a computer?

Computer cannot operate without the instructions given by humans. It is programmed to work effectively, fast and accurately. … Computer does not have intelligence of its own to complete the tasks. … Lack of feeling is another limitation of computer. … Computer has no learning power.

What are the main features of fifth generation computer?

ULSI technology.Development of true artificial intelligence.Development of Natural language processing.Advancement in Parallel Processing.Advancement in Superconductor technology.More user-friendly interfaces with multimedia features.Availability of very powerful and compact computers at cheaper rates.

What are the 2 different types of computers?

Here are some of the popular types of computer that you can find in use today. Pocket (palmtop) Computer. Pocket computers have been designed to allow people to keep lots of information close to hand – wherever they happen to be. … Laptop Computer. … Micro (desktop) Computer. … Mainframe/Supercomputer.

What is an example of first generation computer?

Examples of the first generation computers include ENIAC, EDVAC, UNIVAC, IBM-701, and IBM-650. These computers were large and very unreliable. They would heat up and frequently shut down and could only be used for very basic computations.

What are the limitations of first generation computer?

Limitations of first-generation computers: The major limitations of first generation computers. The operating speed was very low. Power consumption was very high. They required large space for installation.

What are the 6 generations of computer?

How many generations of computers are there?First generation (1940 – 1956)Second generation (1956 – 1963)Third generation (1964 – 1971)Fourth generation (1972 – 2010)Fifth generation (2010 to present)